Intraarticular Fractures - Diagnosis and Treatment

Intraarticular Fractures - Diagnosis and Treatment

Due to trauma or disease, fractures can occur in any part of the body. Intraarticular fractures are one type of fracture that are reported across the globe. These fractures are characterized by injury to a joint surface.
In other words, intraarticular fractures are the ones where the fracture crosses the joint surface. It is noticed that in these fractures, damage to the cartilage is also involved.

As intraarticular fractures involve the joint, thus, they are known to be difficult to treat when compared to normal fractures. These fractures are also known to be serious because of associated long-term complications. Surgical treatment of intraarticular fractures may involve the use of Orthopedic Implant & Instruments like Bone Screws, Orthopedic Plates, and rods.

Which are the Common Sites Where Intraarticular Fractures could Occur

Below-mentioned are the most common sites where intraarticular fractures can occur:

Shoulder - Humerus, Scapula, and acromion & coracoid processes may be involved. As cartilage damage is also seen in these types of fractures, glenoid and articular cartilage may also be involved.

Hip - Along with the hip's articular cartilage, some parts of the pelvis and femur's upper head or neck may be involved.

Elbow - The lower end of the humerus and the upper end of the radius is involved. Cartilages present between the bones may also get damaged.

Wrist - When an intraarticular fracture occurs in the wrist, carpal bones and lower ends of radius & ulna are involved. For the treatment of this condition Hand Fracture Implants may be used.

Knee - In case of knee's intraarticular fracture, the femur's lower end along with patella is involved. With this, the involvement of the tibia and/or fibula's upper ends may also be noticed.

Ankle - Lower ends of tibia and fibula may be involved. Along with this, the involvement of articular cartilage and the subtalar joint is also seen.

What are the Causes of Intraarticular Fractures?

The most common causes of intraarticular fractures involve forceful impacts like falls or physical attacks, accidental trauma, and sports injuries as well.

Symptoms of Intraarticular Fractures

Common symptoms of intraarticular fractures include:
● Pain near the injured area
● Restricted range of motion
● Swelling near the injury site
● Bruising
● Weakness

How Intraarticular Fractures are Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of fractures always starts with a physical examination where the doctor asks some questions related to the symptoms. This helps the doctor get an idea of what kind of fracture it could be and which tests need to be performed first.

After visual observation, an X-ray is indicated to assess the exact site of injury. In some cases, the doctor may also suggest MRI or CT scan to get a clear picture and identify the seriousness of the condition.

The Treatment

Treatment is done to stabilize the joint and for that, the first thing in that process is immobilization. The bones are realigned to their correct anatomical position.  In severe cases, surgery is preferred and the type of surgery required will depend upon the severity and the site of injury. Closed-reduction or open-reduction surgery is generally performed in case of intraarticular fractures. Whereas, the surgery may require the use of orthopedic implants and they must be of international standard quality.

To get a high-quality range of orthopedic implants meeting ISO standards, you must contact Siora Surgicals Pvt. Ltd. The company is one of the top Orthopedic Medical Device Companies in India having its clients across the globe.

Next Post »