5 Amazing Benefits Of Stem Cell Preservation

5 Amazing Benefits Of Stem Cell Preservation
The blood left in the umbilical cord is very special when your baby is born.
It contains powerful hematopoietic stem cells that have a life-saving history of 30 years.
Exciting researches are also ongoing to prove the use of cord blood for regenerative medicine, which aims to use stem cells to help the body heal itself. Stem cell is a cell which is having the unique capacity to develop into any specialized type of cell in the body. These cells can be used to replace the damaged cells of the body. This can be possible by saving the stem cells and using them in the future at the time of need.
Cord blood banking, also known as the preservation of newborn stem cells, is the process of saving the remaining blood for potential future use in the umbilical cord after birth. Cord blood is a rich source of stem cells called hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). These HSCs are mainly responsible for blood replenishment and immune system regeneration.
The building blocks of life are stem cells. They are undifferentiated biological cells that can be distinguished into specialized cells and divided into more stem cells. In essence, a cell must have the ability to self-renew and divide into two cells if it is to be classified as a stem cell. Due to the low risk and costs involved, the most preferred way to harvest stem cells is to extract stem cells from the umbilical cord right after birth. If cord blood is not collected, the medical waste is usually discarded.
Once your baby is born and separated, the umbilical cord is clamped and then the cord blood is collected in a single-use sterile 250mL blood bag. This cord blood along with cord tissue and mother’s blood sample is then kept in the Kit box which is transported to the storage laboratory by maintaining a controlled temperature. In the laboratory, the cord blood is processed by an advanced automated technology known as AXP®II for harvesting hematopoietic stem cells. These stem cells are then stored in compartmentalized cryopouches at -196°C in liquid nitrogen.

Banking of the cord blood is a procedure of preserving the stem cells which is generally thrown away after the birth of a baby. Regarding cord blood parents have three options – store them in a private bank by paying a fee, donate the cord blood to a public bank or you can throw them as medical waste. In all of these options saving your baby’s stem cells in a private bank is the best option as it will give you the ability to own your sample stem cells.

Benefits of stem cell preservation

1. Umbilical cord blood is also known as a valuable source of powerful stem cells such as HSCs. HSCs are now used as part of a stem cell transplant in the treatment of more than 80 conditions in the blood and immune system. In addition, cord blood contains other potentially beneficial cells, such as regulatory T cells, which are being investigated in laboratory studies to determine whether they may be relevant to patients with autoimmune conditions such as diabetes type
2. At the time of birth collection of stem cells ensures that you save the youngest HSCs you can while avoiding invasive and harder procedures in the future to collect them from bone marrow if necessary.
3. Cord blood stem cells have been used as part of a stem cell transplant for the past 30 years to rebuild healthy blood and immune systems. As part of a stem cell transplant, they have helped more than 40,000 patients around the world with certain cancers, blood disorders and immune disorders from donated and private cord blood.
4. In fact, cord blood is being investigated in more than 100 clinical trials worldwide to help improve the latest applications in stem cell transplantation and identify possible future prospects in regenerative medicine.
5. The stem cells of your baby may provide more options for your immediate family in the future. Your baby is always an ideal genetic match for the stem cells of their cord blood. Siblings are at least 75 percent likely to be a partial genetic match. Parents are always a partial match. It is believed that cord blood units in proper cryogenic storage should be able to be preserved indefinitely, protecting them from aging and environmental factors.
Stem cell transplantation is done in order to reconstitute the blood and immune system of a patient following treatments such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy that destroy blood cells. The stem cells are directly infused into the bloodstream of the patient and migrate to the bone marrow. The stem cells begin to differentiate in the bone marrow environment into the three types of blood cells-red blood, white blood,and platelets. This initiates the blood and immune system regeneration of the patient.

Knowing that cord blood stem cells are beneficial for some fatal diseases is excellent news for many parents-to-be. Now what is essential to remember is that in the majority of families, all the diseases for which cord blood transplantation could be used are extremely rare. It means that if you have a family history of diseases such as Sickle Cell Anemia and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or any other that can be treated by stem cell therapy, then cord blood banking might become important to be considered by the expectant parents.

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Author Bio: Navya Sharma has been associated with the health industry for a long time. In her leisure, she loves writing articles. Through her articles, you can obtain knowledge on various stem cell preservation, Stem cell banking, cord blood banking.
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