How To Write An Introduction To A Scientific Research Paper

How To Write An Introduction To A Scientific Research Paper
Research conducted for any discipline of science by collecting, interpreting and evaluation of data is called scientific research.
All this research is performed systematically. No step can be skipped or jumped in order to have good scientific research. It’s each and every step is important. 
A researcher is the one who conducts the research. The researcher tests new ideas on a group of people and then after obtaining fruitful results he declares the effectiveness of his own research. The aim of conducting research is to provide information about a certain problem. 

As all the process of scientific research must be planned and then performed for an effective result, then the same goes for writing research. Not only performing but also writing research is a tricky job. And it must be planned too. 
Scientific research includes different sections such as:
Abstract: what’s there in the whole nutshell?
Introduction: what’s the main problem and its background?
Material and methods: What methods are used while solving this problem?
Results: What are the findings?
Discussions: What’s the effectiveness of the result deduced?
Literature cited: Whose work was referred to? Or is being referred to in this research?
The most important section in scientific research is an introduction. 
As it serves as the foundation of research. Information in the introduction section must consist of the following points:

Function Of Introduction

The basic function is the establishment of the context being reported before. 
It is established by presenting the relevant primary research literature and by addressing the summary of the current problem. 

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Summary of the current understanding of the problem, which is being investigated, is important to provide. 
Then comes the main purpose of the work and it should be written as a hypothesis, question, or problem you investigate. 
Try to briefly define the approach and logic wherever possible. Also, discuss the outcomes of your study in an introduction.
However, an introduction must be strong enough to answer the following questions:
• What were you studying? 
• Why do you think it is an important question?
• What do you already know about it that you want to explain to others?
• How will this study advance our knowledge?
If the starting paragraphs of a research paper are providing answers to the above mentioned question then the researcher is on the right track. 


Writing style must be in an active voice. Try to use passive voice as less as possible. In addition, remember the use of first-person is fine but overdoing it is not allowed. Coming towards the formatting style it must be confirmed from respective institutes. 
Nevertheless, in most of the cases, the writing style is Times New Roman whereas the heading being bold and size should be 14. The paragraph text must be 12 in size. 


It is very important to plan a proper format before start writing a research paper. ln, an introduction all the points must be concluded before and then they must be put in a proper sequence. Start the introduction by explaining the most general information related to the topic. Then slowly make it concise while heading towards your main point. 
Information should be organized in a way that first comes to the general view of the topic and then the purpose of the topic and your rationale. 
So the flow begins with the background of a topic then comes the scientific context in which a question is asked that spur study is addressing. After deciding the scientific context, one can have a good level of understanding of what type of information is needed to begin with.

The flow of information in an introduction

• Identify the subject area of interest

Information in the starting lines of introduction must depict the area of interest. This is done by putting the keywords from the title of the research paper, in a few starting lines of introduction. In this way, a reader gets a clear image of what is the topic of research. This ensures that the researcher does not lose the focus of the reader by explaining the tones of general information and not coming towards the main topic.

• Establish the context

Summarize what the researcher about the specific problem knows. This is done by providing some relevant information from the primary research literature so that the reader has a better idea of the issue being raised. However, just give a summary of previous literature and do not forget to cite your information side by side. 
The selection of information at first is difficult, students find it difficult where to be general or specific. However, it can be improved by reading the introductions of other scientific researches.

• Clearly state your hypothesis

Be sure about the main purpose, or hypothesis that you investigated. Try to use the past sentence for writing your hypothesis. For example “the purpose of this research is ………”. It is common to write the hypothesis in the ending lines of the introduction. It is no hard and fast rule to write “hypothesis” rather it can be written as the topic sentence of the final paragraph under an introduction heading. Since the basic idea is to convey your purpose of research to the reader.

• Tell the underlying principle for your approach

After putting forward the hypothesis, now it’s time to explain how did you get to know this problem? Where did you study it? Which kind of approach is used for this problem? Why is such an approach used? What will be the scientific methods of using any particular model system? 
All the answers to these questions must be discussed in the ending paragraph of an introduction. Do not explain all the approaches in detail as they will be discussed in the “materials and methods” section. Here only name the approaches. If some new approach is used instead of some classic one then give some merits of using a new one here. 
These are the main points by focusing on them, students can write a great introduction. Along with this, a deep knowledge related to your research topic is must to write a spectacular research paper.

Author Bio

Steve Williams is a professional freelance writer working for renowned writing company Academic Writing Pro. He is the head of dissertation writing services department at that company.

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