In-Vitro-Fertilization (IVF) - What It Really Means

In-Vitro-Fertilization (IVF) - What It Really Means
In-Vitro-Fertilization (IVF) means fertilization outside the body in a “test tube”, it is process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body in a glass (in vitro). 
IVF involves removing an ovum or ova from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a liquid inside a test tube. The zygote is implanted in the same (or another woman's) uterus in order to establish a successful pregnancy.
IVF has over the years, been used for gestational surrogacy and the treatment of infertility. It helps couple give birth to healthy children, in some cases through the aid of surrogate pregnancy. In this case, the zygote is planted into the surrogate's uterus, but the resulting child will be genetically unrelated to the surrogate.

How Does In-Vitro-Fertilization Work?

In-Vitro-Fertilization is one of the most popular types of reproductive technology (ART) and has been adopted by many couples in Nigeria and other parts of the world. It works by making use of a combination of medicines and surgical procedures to aid in the fertilisation of the egg by sperm.
The first step in IVF is to take the medication that will make several of your eggs mature and ready to be fertilised. After this, a doctor will take the eggs from your body and mix them with the sperm in the lab to enable the sperm fertilise the egg.
The next step will be to put 1 or more of the embryos (fertilised eggs) directly into your uterus. Pregnancy will happen if any of the fertilised eggs implant in the lining of your uterus.
IVF involves many steps and takes several months for the whole process to complete. In some cases, several IVF rounds are required for a woman to conceive though it can also work in 1 round. IVF increases a woman's chance of getting pregnant and has over the years, put smiles in the faces of many couples.

Who Can Be Treated With IVF?

In-Vitro-Fertilization can be used for treating infertility in patients with any of the following:
• Low sperm count in men
• Decreased sperm motility
• Women with blocked (or damaged/removed) fallopian tubes
• Women with ovulation disorders or premature ovarian failure
• Women with uterine fibroids
• Individuals with a genetic disorder
It can also be used for the treatment of other unexplained infertility.

Does IVF Have Any Side Effects?

Like other medications and medical processes, In-Vitro-Fertilization has some side effects and your doctor will should tell you about them.
Some things you'll experience include:
• Mil bloating
• Mild cramping
• Breast tenderness
• Constipation
• Mood swings
• Hot flashes
• Infection
Also, IVF can be difficult emotionally an you might experience anxiety and depression during the process. Getting advises from people that have undergone IVF in the past can help you overcome some of the emotional problems involved and also give you confidence discouraged or overwhelmed.
Online health forums can also help you connect with people around the world that will help you during the process.
However, don't hesitate in telling your doctor if you experience any of the following:
If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:
• A fever over 38 °C (100.5 °F)
• Blood in the urine
• Heavy vaginal bleeding
• Pelvic pain

Many IVF clinics now operate in Nigeria today for the purpose of helping married couples who are unable to produce babies. They can help these couples to become parents by helping the woman to get pregnant. You can get them in major Nigerian cities like Lagos, Abuja, Owerri, Port Harcourt, Aba and Benin City.
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