Vitamins and its uses to the body

Definition of vitamins, its types and tips on how vitamin supplements can make you healthier.

Vitamins and it's uses to the body
The word ‘Vitamin’ is gotten from a Latin word ‘vita’ (meaning life) and English word ‘amine.

The name came up because of the earlier belief that vitamins contained amino acids. According to dictionary.com, it is a type of organic compound required by the body for growth. However, because these compounds cannot be synthesized easily by the body, they are required in small quantities. Because the human body doesn’t produce vitamins, the vitamins needed for the normal body metabolism is gotten from the food we eat. Fusion supplements are engineered to promote our body compositions.


Types of Vitamins

There are two types of vitamins gotten from food. They are the fat soluble vitamins and the water soluble vitamins.
1) Fat soluble vitamins are the vitamins stored in your fat cells and for them to be absorbed, fats are required.
Examples of fat soluble vitamins are:
- Vitamin A – this is gotten from citrus and dark leafy vegetables like kale.
- Vitamin D – this is gotten from dairy products and fortified milk. 
- Vitamin E – this is gotten from nuts, seeds and green leafy vegetables.
- Vitamin K – this is gotten from vegetables like turnip.

2) Water soluble vitamins are replenished daily. They don’t require fats to be absorbed and are not stored in the body.
Examples of water soluble vitamins are thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, folic acid, and vitamin C.

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What are the roles of vitamins in the body?

1) Water soluble vitamins build cells and proteins.
2) Vitamin C aids in production of collagen which helps knit wounds together, form a base for bones and teeth and also help to support the walls of blood vessels.
3) Niacin, thiamin, folic acid, riboflavin and pantothenic acid help in the production of energy.
4) They help prevent certain diseases like heart problem.
5) Thiamine helps prevent heart disease, beri-beri and indigestion.
6) Retinol helps in the treatment of acne, eye and skin disorders and infections.
7) Riboflavin aids in the treatment of anemia, skin disorders and cataracts. 
8) Pantothenic Acid can treat arthritis and other infections like skin disorders, and also reduce the cholesterol content of the body.
9) Cyanocobalamin helps reduce symptoms of pregnancy, anemia, kidney disorders, liver disorders, and mouth ulcers. It also reduces side effects of smoking.


How the body gets the vitamins necessary for its normal metabolism

1) Thiamin is gotten from pork, liver, whole grains, seeds and nuts.
2) Riboflavin is gotten from poultry, soybeans, mushrooms, milk, cheese and enriched grains.
3) Niacin is gotten from fish, meat, enriched grains and whole grains.
4) Biotin is gotten from potatoes, eggs, non fat milk, soy protein, almonds and peanuts.
5) Pyridoxin is gotten from bananas, fish, meat, nuts, lentils, chickpeas, sunflower seeds and pistachio.
6) Cobalamin is gotten from cheese, fortified soy, poultry, eggs, yogurt, and milk.
7) Vitamin C is gotten from citrus like grapefruits, oranges, kiwi, papayas and mangoes.
8) Vitamin A is gotten from cheese, milk, some fish and liver.
9) Vitamin D is gotten from fortified soy, eggs, fish liver oils and milk.
10) Vitamin E is gotten from leafy green vegetables, sunflower seeds, wheat germ, avocados and vegetable oils.
11) Vitamin K is gotten from soybeans, collards, spinach and broccoli.
Important points for consideration while taking vitamins.
1) Adults aged over fifty have a higher need for vitamin D.
2) Pregnant women or breastfeeding mothers should include folic acid in their daily diets.
3) Smokers need an extra dosage of 35 mg of Vitamin C daily. This can be gotten by eating fruits and vegetables very well.
4) If you use Warfarin, make sure you take equal amount of Vitamin K daily. A sudden change in the quantity of Vitamin K can affect how the drug works.
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Information Guide Africa: Vitamins and its uses to the body
Vitamins and its uses to the body
Definition of vitamins, its types and tips on how vitamin supplements can make you healthier.
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